Infrared Intensity Measurements of Cryodeposited Thin Films of NH3, NH4HS, H2S, and Assignments of Absorption Bands

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Abstract:

Interferometric infrared spectral transmission measurements from 60 to 10 000 cm−1 were made for thin films of NH3, NH4HS, and H2S cryodeposits, and recorded as a function of thickness and temperature from 88 K to evaporation points. Integrated band intensities were measured and are reported for all major absorptions. Assignments for lattice and internal fundamental modes are discussed. Particular attention is devoted to the various reported phases of solid NH3, and it is concluded that three phases are supported by experimental evidence: the stable cubic phase, a low temperature amorphous phase, and an intermediate temperature metastable phase. Results and changes of the spectra as a function of temperature will be summarized. Intercomparisons of the spectra obtained for the three cryodeposits are made.

Keywords: Assignments NH3, NH4HS, H2S; Cryodeposits; Infrared intensities; Interferometry

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1366/0003702804731339

Affiliations: 1: Chemistry Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439; present address: Loyola University, Chemistry Department, Chicago, IL 60626 2: Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721

Publication date: September 1, 1980

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