@article {Brant:1980-01-01T00:00:00:0003-7028:93,
author = "Brant, Patrick and Feltham, Robert D.",
title = "Calibration of the McPherson ESCA-36 Photoelectron Spectrometer",
journal = "Applied Spectroscopy",
volume = "34",
number = "1",
year = "1980-01-01T00:00:00",
abstract = "The relationship for the conservation of energy in the photoelectron process is given by Eq. (1):

*hv* = ϕ_{sp} + *E*
_{b} + *E*
_{k} (1)

where *hv* is the proton energy, ϕ_{sp} the spectrometer
work function, and *E*
_{b} and *E*
_{k} represent the binding energy and kinetic energy of the ejected electron. To measure accurately the binding energy, *E*
_{b}, of an electron, it is necessary to know the instrumental work function, the energy of the
exciting source, and the kinetic energy of the ejected electron. In most cases *hv* and ϕ_{sp} are accurately known. *E*
_{k} is determined with an electron energy analyzer. The analyzers in common use today determine *E*
_{k} by electrostatic or magnetic
dispersion. The McPherson ESCA-36 uses a spherical section, nonretarding potential electrostatic analyzer for which the following relation holds when relativistic effects are neglected:

*E*
_{k} = *KeV* (2)

where *K* = 2*r/d*

In the above equation *V* is the potential difference between the spheres, *K* is instrument constant, *r* the mean radius of the spheres, *e* the electron charge, and *d* the sphere separation.",
pages = "93-94",
url = "http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/sas/sas/1980/00000034/00000001/art00024",
doi = "doi:10.1366/0003702804730998",
keyword = "Photoelectron spectroscopy"
}