Calcium Isotope Effects in Atomic Absorption

$29.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:

Abstract:

Measurements are reported for the absorption of the 422.7 nm line of a natural-abundance calcium hollow cathode lamp by solutions of 40Ca, 44Ca, and 48Ca at 0.5 to 3.0 ppm levels in 0.06 M HCl (aqueous) when aspirated into air-acetylene and nitrous oxide-acetylene flames. In the case of the air-acetylene flame the relative absorptions per mole of calcium in solution were 1.00, 1.11, and 1.08 for the 40, 44, and 48 isotopes, respectively. With the nitrous oxide-acetylene flame similar experiments gave ratios of 1.00, 1.08, and 1.06 in the same order. These results may be rationalized with a model that considers the simultaneous effects of isotope shifting, Lorentz broadening and shifting, and Doppler broadening of the calcium resonance line in the flame. With the air-acetylene flame, solutions that also contained 5000 ppm of Sr as SrCl2 gave relative absorbances for the 40, 44, and 48 calcium isotopes of 1.00, 1.04, and 1.10. Flame-atomic-distribution studies lead to the conclusion that in the presence of 5000 ppm of Sr, calcium kinetic isotope effects are also important.

Keywords: Calcium atomic absorption; Calcium isotope effects; Spectral line broadening

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1366/0003702794925219

Affiliations: 1: Department of Chemistry, University of California, Davis, California 95616 2: Radiobiology Laboratory, University of California, Davis, California 95616

Publication date: September 1, 1979

More about this publication?
Related content

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more