Emission Spectrographic Analysis of Surfaces with an Ion-sputtering Source
Abstract:An ion-sputtering source was installed and evaluated as an emission spectrographic source for the analysis of metal surfaces and for the determination of in-depth concentration profiles. This source generates a direct current glow discharge in a low-pressure argon atmosphere between a hollow stainless-steel anode and the sample (the cathode) and sputters material at a controlled rate from the sample surface. The resultant spectrum of the sputtered material is recorded photographically, and the analysis is completed by conventional spectrographic techniques. The power supply of the source can be operated in either a constant dc mode or a square-wave dc mode, but better repeatability and accuracy have been achieved with the square-wave dc mode. Before any significant sputtering occurs with this source, the voltage must exceed 240 Volts, the threshold sputtering voltage. The sputtering rate increases with both source current and voltage. This source has been used for the quantitative analysis of the surface of steel products and the determination of changes in composition with depth below the surface.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: United States Steel Corporation Research Laboratory, 125 Jamison Lane, Monroeville, Pennsylvania 15146
Publication date: September 1, 1976
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- The Society publishes the internationally recognized, peer reviewed journal, Applied Spectroscopy, which is available both in print and online. Subscriptions are included with membership or can be purchased by institutional or corporate organizations. Abstracts may be viewed free of charge. Previously published as Bulletin (Society for Applied Spectroscopy)
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