Skip to main content

Research Needs to Support Management and Conservation of Cavity-Dependent Birds and Bats on Forested Landscapes in the Pacific Northwest

Buy Article:

$29.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)


Snags provide habitat for numerous vertebrates and invertebrates. We review how current regulatory guidelines and forest management practices influence snag populations on intensively managed landscapes in the Pacific Northwest. We identify ecological relationships that require investigation to assess alternative practices that optimize ecological and economic goals. Functional and numerical relationships among snag type, abundance, and distribution and demographic responses of both vertebrates and invertebrates are poorly understood. Relatively little is known about temporal and spatial distributions of snags required to maintain viable populations of cavity-dependent taxa or how landscape-scale features (e.g., proximity and amount of mature and late-successional forest) interact with snag types and distributions at the stand level to influence wildlife responses. Regulations for snag retention have been developed and implemented with a substantial degree of uncertainty about their ecological effectiveness. Current regulations, designed to protect forest workers from injury, typically limit retention of snags of large size and advanced decay classes that are often the most limited snag types on intensively managed landscapes. We describe current findings and future research needs that can be used to evaluate operational and ecological effectiveness of current regulations that influence snag management. We identify questions of interest and frame these within the appropriate ecological context of intensively managed landscapes.

Keywords: bats; birds; cavity nesters; commercial forests; forest management; habitat; nest-sites; research outcomes; roost trees; snags; viability

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2012-07-01

More about this publication?
  • Each regional journal of applied forestry focuses on research, practice, and techniques targeted to foresters and allied professionals in specific regions of the United States and Canada. The Western Journal of Applied Forestry covers the western United States, including Alaska, and western Canada; WJAF will also consider manuscripts reporting research in northern Mexico that has potential application in the southwestern United States.
  • Membership Information
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more