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Survival of the Douglas-Fir Beetle in Peeled and Unpeeled Logs and in Stumps

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Abstract:

The Douglas-fir beetle (Dendroctonus pseudotsugae Hopkins) can cause significant mortality to mature Douglas-fir trees (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) during epidemics. Treatment methods are required to reduce local beetle populations to less-damaging levels. We conducted a study to compare the effect on beetle survival of peeling bark from infested logs at two times of year. By Aug., all beetles in bark from logs peeled in July were dead compared with 155.2 beetles/m2 bark in unpeeled logs. In bark from logs peeled at the end of Aug. and left over winter, there were 3.4 beetles/m2 of bark surface compared with 62.3/m2 in unpeeled logs. It was concluded that peeling logs reduces beetle populations, particularly if done early in the summer. We also examined beetle survival in stumps over winter and found that a mean of 70.4 beetles/stump, or 125.6/m2 of stump surface survived winter. It is estimated that it would take beetles emerging from 24 stumps to kill a tree. West. J. Appl. For. 20(3):149–153.

Keywords: Douglas-fir beetle; environmental management; forest; forest management; forest resources; forestry; forestry research; forestry science; natural resource management; natural resources; peeling; stump; survival; treatment

Document Type: Regular Article

Affiliations: 1: Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service Pacific Forestry Centre Victoria BC Canada V8Z 1M5 Phone: (250) 363-0666;, Fax: (250) 363-0775, Email: tshore@pfc.forestry.ca 2: Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service Pacific Forestry Centre Victoria BC Canada V8Z 1M5 3: British Columbia Ministry of Forests Kootenay Lake Forest District Nelson BC Canada

Publication date: 2005-07-01

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  • Each regional journal of applied forestry focuses on research, practice, and techniques targeted to foresters and allied professionals in specific regions of the United States and Canada. The Western Journal of Applied Forestry covers the western United States, including Alaska, and western Canada; WJAF will also consider manuscripts reporting research in northern Mexico that has potential application in the southwestern United States.
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