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Bole Implantation of Systemic Insecticides Does Not Protect Trees From Spruce Beetle Attack

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Two experiments were conducted on the Kenai Peninsula, Alaska, to evaluate the effectiveness of acephate, dimethoate, and carbofuran delivered by Medicap implants in previously unattacked spruce trees [natural hybrids of Sitka (Picea sitchensis) and white spruce (P. glauca)] to prevent tree mortality (preventive treatment); and in successfully attacked spruce trees to kill brood of spruce beetle, Dendroctonus rufipennis, and thereby prevent tree mortality (remedial treatment). Tree mortality ranged from 60% to 93% in the treated trees and were judged as inadequate in preventing tree mortality. There was no evidence of egg, larval, pupae, or adult beetle mortality. Residue analysis of foliages removed from the crown of sample trees ranged from ca. 5 ppm 28-days postspray to ca 23 ppm 128 days postspray showing that acephate moved vertically into the tree crown. Neither carbofuran nor dimethoate were recovered from foliage samples. West. J. Appl. For. 6(1):4-7.
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Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, 201 E. 9th Avenue, Anchorage, AK 99501

Publication date: 1991-01-01

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  • Each regional journal of applied forestry focuses on research, practice, and techniques targeted to foresters and allied professionals in specific regions of the United States and Canada. The Western Journal of Applied Forestry covers the western United States, including Alaska, and western Canada; WJAF will also consider manuscripts reporting research in northern Mexico that has potential application in the southwestern United States.
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