Black Bears Prefer Urea-Fertilized Trees
Author: Nelson, E. E.
Source: Western Journal of Applied Forestry, Volume 4, Number 1, 1 January 1989 , pp. 13-15(3)
Publisher: Society of American Foresters
Abstract:Feeding damage by black bears (Ursus americanus) to urea-fertilized 25-yr-old Douglas-firs (Pseudotsuga menziesii) in the Mount Hood National Forest, Oregon, resulted in tree mortality four times as severe as among unfertilized trees. Damage was most apparent following application of urea at 448 kg N/ha in 1972, and 224 kg N/ha in 1977. Only Douglas-fir, the dominant species in the stand, was attacked. Attacked trees were somewhat larger than the stand average, but the difference was not significant. Bears appeared to be attracted to the more vigorous trees, which were on fertilized plots. West. J. Appl. For. 4(1):13-15, January 1989.
Document Type: Journal Article
Affiliations: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Forestry Sciences Laboratory, 3200 Jefferson Way, Corvallis, OR 97331
Publication date: January 1, 1989
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