Habitat use of an Arizona Ponderosa Pine--Mixed Conifer Forest by Female Black Bears
Abstract:Fourteen adult female black bears were captured and radio-collared on the Mogollon Rim in north-central Arizona. Habitat use was sampled on 182 sites from May 1982-August 1984 using ground radio telemetry to identify habitat use sites. Eighty-eight sites were classified as feeding sites, and 94 sites contained beds. Analysis of use versus availability of vegetation types, topographic site characteristics, and percent slope classes showed significant differences. Females, with and without cubs, selected mixed conifer more frequently than ponderosa pine areas. Canyon walls were selected more frequently than ridgetops, especially for bedding sites. There were significant differences in amount of vegetative cover between feeding and bedding sites. Horizontal cover averaged 45 ft for bedding sites and 65 ft for feeding sites. Seventy four percent of the beds were on the uphill side of trees. Bed trees averaged 28.6 in. dbh. Habitat management recommendations are included. West. J. Appl. For. 4(1): 6-10, January 1989.
Document Type: Journal Article
Affiliations: Arizona Game and Fish Department, 2222 West Greenway, Phoenix, AZ 85023
Publication date: January 1, 1989
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- Each regional journal of applied forestry focuses on research, practice, and techniques targeted to foresters and allied professionals in specific regions of the United States and Canada. The Western Journal of Applied Forestry covers the western United States, including Alaska, and western Canada; WJAF will also consider manuscripts reporting research in northern Mexico that has potential application in the southwestern United States.
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