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Ecological Adaptations in Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. glauca). IV. Montana and Idaho Near the Continental Divide

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Seventy-seven seedling populations of Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. glauca) sampled from near the Continental Divide in Idaho and Montana exhibited pronounced genetic differences when compared in three common environments. Differentiation involved several traits that are components of an annual developmental cycle that must be completed within a growing season of finite length. Consequently, the elevational and geographic dines of genetic variation tend to parallel variation in the length of the growing season at the seed source. Such clines suggest that maladaptation in artificial reforestation can be controlled by limiting the transfer of seeds. While geographic transfers can be relatively liberal, elevational transfers should be limited to ±90 m (300 ft) from the seed source at elevations below 1,400 m (4,600 ft), to ±125 m (410 ft) for elevations between 1,400 and 2,000 m (4,600 and 6,550 ft), and ±200 m (560 ft) for elevations above 2,000 m (6,550 ft). West. J. Appl. For. 3(4):101-105, October 1988.
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Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Intermountain Research Station, USDA Forest Service, 324 25th St., Ogden, UT 84401

Publication date: 1988-10-01

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  • Each regional journal of applied forestry focuses on research, practice, and techniques targeted to foresters and allied professionals in specific regions of the United States and Canada. The Western Journal of Applied Forestry covers the western United States, including Alaska, and western Canada; WJAF will also consider manuscripts reporting research in northern Mexico that has potential application in the southwestern United States.
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