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Silvicultural Management Within Streamside Management Zones of Intermittent Streams: Effects on Decomposition, Productivity, Nutrient Cycling, and Channel Vegetation

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Abstract:

The purpose of this watershed study on three intermittent streams was to evaluate responses of riparian processes to three streamside management zone (SMZ) treatments; no harvest, clearcut, and partial harvest (50% basal area removal). Riparian response variables measured included litterfall, leaf litter decomposition, understory vegetation, soil temperature and water chemistry. However, due to drought conditions, insufficient water chemistry data were collected to support quantitative assessment of treatment effects. Comparisons of mass loss rates (k) indicated that decomposition on the control treatment was the most rapid. Understory vegetation surveys showed statistically greater mass of forbs and grasses within the clearcut SMZ. Results suggest that no harvest or a partial harvest within SMZs along intermittent streams are preferable because these treatments maintain carbon inputs to streams. South. J. Appl. For. 28(4): 211–224.

Keywords: Carbon; environmental management; forest; forest management; forest resources; forestry; forestry research; forestry science; natural resource management; natural resources; nitrogen; phosphorus; streamside management zone

Document Type: Regular Article

Affiliations: 1: School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences Auburn University 108 M.W. Smith Hall Auburn AL 36849-5418 Phone: (334) 844-1054;, Fax: (334) 844-1084, Email: lockabg@auburn.edu 2: School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences Auburn University 108 M.W. Smith Hall Auburn AL 36849-5418 3: USDA Forest Service; Engineering Unit DeVall Street Auburn AL 36831

Publication date: November 1, 2004

More about this publication?
  • Each regional journal of applied forestry focuses on research, practice, and techniques targeted to foresters and allied professionals in specific regions of the United States and Canada. The Southern Journal of Applied Forestry covers an area from Virginia and Kentucky south to as far west as Oklahoma and east Texas.
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