Wet-Weather Timber Harvesting and Site Preparation Effects on Coastal Plain Sites: A Review

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Increased interest in sustainable forestry has intensified the need for information on the interactions of forest soils, harvesting methods, site disturbances, and the efficacy of methods for ameliorating disturbances. On wet pine flats, such as those commonly found in the Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plains, conditions such as frequent rainfall, low relief, and poor internal soil drainage often predispose forest soils to harvest disturbances and potential damage. Typical forest operations use heavy logging equipment, such as rubber-tired feller-bunchers and skidders. During dry soil conditions, these machines cause little soil disturbance, but under moist to saturated conditions, such operations may compact soils and interfere with normal soil drainage. Many studies have been conducted to characterize soil disturbance and site preparation effects on tree seedling survival and growth and to evaluate the amelioration effect of site preparation on disturbed soils. However, results are sometimes contradictory due to site specificity, and results have not been summarized in the context of pine plantation management. This article summarizes previous research results of the wet-weather harvesting and bedding effects on soil properties as related to loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) productivity for a variety of Coastal Plain region sites types. South. J. Appl. For. 28(3):137–151.

Keywords: Timber harvesting impacts; environmental management; forest; forest management; forest resources; forestry; forestry research; forestry science; natural resource management; natural resources; site preparation; site productivity

Document Type: Regular Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Forestry (0324) 228 Cheatham Hall Virginia Tech Blacksburg VA 24061 Phone: (540) 231-4523;, Fax: (540) 231-3330, Email: waust@vt.edu 2: Forest Hydrologist International Paper Company 719 Southland Road Bainbridge GA 31717 3: Department of Forestry (0324) 228 Cheatham Hall Virginia Tech Blacksburg VA 24061 4: Forest Soil Scientist MeadWestvaco, Forest Science Laboratory Box WV 180 Westvaco Road Summerville SC 29483 5: Soil Scientist Engineering Research Unit USDA Forest Service 520 Devall Drive Auburn AL 36849

Publication date: August 1, 2004

More about this publication?
  • Each regional journal of applied forestry focuses on research, practice, and techniques targeted to foresters and allied professionals in specific regions of the United States and Canada. The Southern Journal of Applied Forestry covers an area from Virginia and Kentucky south to as far west as Oklahoma and east Texas.
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