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Regeneration of Red Oak, White Oak, and White Pine by Underplanting Prior to Canopy Removal in the Virginia Piedmont

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Three years after clearfelling and light shelterwood harvests, underplanted white oak (Quercus alba L.), red oak (Q. rubra L.), and eastern white pine (Pinus strobus L.) seedlings were competitive with other vegetation. Survival of oaks remained high (approximately 90%), and height growth increased with canopy removal. During the 3 years, white oak grew 1.2, 4.1, and 13.5 in., and red oak grew 0.6, 6.7, and 23.0 in. under control, shelterwood, and clearfelling, respectively. White pine height growth also responded positively with increased canopy removal (total increments of 11.3, 17.0, and 22.7 in.). After 3 years, total height of underplanted white oak did not differ significantly whether left intact or deliberately pruned back to the root collar prior to canopy removal. Early results indicate that underplanting prior to harvest can be a viable tool for oak stand regeneration. South J. Appl. For. 10:206-210, Nov. 1986.

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061

Publication date: 1986-11-01

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  • Each regional journal of applied forestry focuses on research, practice, and techniques targeted to foresters and allied professionals in specific regions of the United States and Canada. The Southern Journal of Applied Forestry covers an area from Virginia and Kentucky south to as far west as Oklahoma and east Texas.
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