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Clearcutting Not Enough for Early Establishment of Desirable Species in Santee River Swamp

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Woody species in a Santee River Swamp area were sampled before and three growing seasons after a summer clearcut. Basal area before harvest was 140 ftsup2;, 72% of which was sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua), sugarberry (Celtis laevigata), ash (Fraxinus spp.), laurel oak (Quercus laurifolia), and water oak (Q. nigra). Sugarberry dominated the regeneration 3 years after harvest in all but the larger size classes. Reproduction less than 3-feet tall occurred on 39% of the sampled area while 69% of the sampled area contained one or more stems 3 feet or taller. Regeneration species composition and spatial distribution was not considered acceptable and was attributed to the lack of postharvest treatment. Shearing or prescribed fire is recommended to dispose of residual stems and logging slash. Subsequent planting seed or seedlings of cherrybark oak (Q. falcata var. pagodifolia), water oak, or sweetgum should ensure an acceptable species composition.

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Assistant professor, Belle W. Baruch Forest Science Institute of Clemson University, Georgetown, South Carolina 29440

Publication date: 1985-02-01

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  • Each regional journal of applied forestry focuses on research, practice, and techniques targeted to foresters and allied professionals in specific regions of the United States and Canada. The Southern Journal of Applied Forestry covers an area from Virginia and Kentucky south to as far west as Oklahoma and east Texas.
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