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Direct-Seeded Cherrybark and Shumard Oaks Battle Natural Regeneration through 10 Years

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Acorns of Shumard (Quercus shumardii Buckl.) and cherrybark (Quercus falcata var. pagodifolia Ell.) oaks were direct seeded in a 3-acre opening created by cutting and removing all trees ≥ 1.0 in. dbh from a forest in the silty uplands. Field germination of winter-sown acorns was 42% for cherrybark and 55% for Shumard, about twice that of spring-sown acorns. After 10 years, average height of co-dominant trees was 23.6 ft. for Shumard and 27.0 ft. for cherrybark; average dbh was 1.5 in. for both species. Dominants and codominants in the competing natural stand averaged 40 ft. tall and 3.5 in. dbh. Only 5% of the seed spots had oak in a free-to-grow position; most codominant oaks were on higher, drier sites where competition was less severe. On better sites a number of intermediate oaks are still developing, but their future is yet to be determined.

Document Type: Journal Article

Publication date: November 1, 1984

More about this publication?
  • Each regional journal of applied forestry focuses on research, practice, and techniques targeted to foresters and allied professionals in specific regions of the United States and Canada. The Southern Journal of Applied Forestry covers an area from Virginia and Kentucky south to as far west as Oklahoma and east Texas.
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