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Regenerating Southern Appalachian Mixed Hardwood Stands with the Shelterwood Method

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Shelterwood cuts, with understory treatment by cutting or herbicide application, can be used to regenerate southern Appalachian hardwoods. Cuts with residual basal area ranging from 25 to 66 square feet per acre and overwood retained from 5 to 13 years established desirable, well-stocked stands. However, species composition was essentially the same as in clearcuts with intolerant species, especially yellow-poplar, dominating. Oak regeneration did not benefit from either higher residual basal area or longer periods of overstory retention, even though oaks were prominent in the overstories of all stands. Only where larger oak advance reproduction was numerous before the initial cut did oaks become a prominent component of the new stand.
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Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Research Forester, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, USDA Forest Service, Asheville, North Carolina 28802

Publication date: 1983-11-01

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  • Each regional journal of applied forestry focuses on research, practice, and techniques targeted to foresters and allied professionals in specific regions of the United States and Canada. The Southern Journal of Applied Forestry covers an area from Virginia and Kentucky south to as far west as Oklahoma and east Texas.
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