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Effects of Precommercial Thinning and Fertilizing on Deer Forage in a Loblolly Pine Plantation

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Effects of precommercial thinning and subsequent fertilizing on white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) forage in a loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) plantation, at ages 7 to 9 years, were studied in the upper coastal plain of Alabama. Based on pooled means, total deer forage available in August (1977-79) was significantly greater (P < 0.05) on thinned plots (515 lbs/acre) than on plots unthinned (283 lbs/acre). Pooled means of February (1978-80) samples showed a significantly (P < 0.05) greater abundance of deer forage on thinned (38 lbs/acre) than on unthinned plots (14 lbs/acre). An application of urea (329 lbs/acre) in March 1978 apparently increased deer forage on thinned (790 lbs/acre) and unthinned plots (431 lbs/acre) in August 1978. Fertilization effects on deer forage were still evident in the February 1979 sample on thinned and unthinned plots but were not evident the following August.

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Wildlife Biologist, Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Ocala

Publication date: 1982-08-01

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  • Each regional journal of applied forestry focuses on research, practice, and techniques targeted to foresters and allied professionals in specific regions of the United States and Canada. The Southern Journal of Applied Forestry covers an area from Virginia and Kentucky south to as far west as Oklahoma and east Texas.
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