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Effects of Precommercial Thinning and Fertilizing on Deer Forage in a Loblolly Pine Plantation

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Effects of precommercial thinning and subsequent fertilizing on white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) forage in a loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) plantation, at ages 7 to 9 years, were studied in the upper coastal plain of Alabama. Based on pooled means, total deer forage available in August (1977-79) was significantly greater (P < 0.05) on thinned plots (515 lbs/acre) than on plots unthinned (283 lbs/acre). Pooled means of February (1978-80) samples showed a significantly (P < 0.05) greater abundance of deer forage on thinned (38 lbs/acre) than on unthinned plots (14 lbs/acre). An application of urea (329 lbs/acre) in March 1978 apparently increased deer forage on thinned (790 lbs/acre) and unthinned plots (431 lbs/acre) in August 1978. Fertilization effects on deer forage were still evident in the February 1979 sample on thinned and unthinned plots but were not evident the following August.
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Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Wildlife Biologist, Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Ocala

Publication date: 1982-08-01

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