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Establishing European Alder Seedlings in Fescue-Covered Surface Mine Spoil

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European alder (Alnus glutinosa L.) seedlings were planted in an established ground cover of Kentucky-31 fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) of surface mine spoil in southeastern Kentucky. The effects of the ground cover on seedling survival, height, dry weight production, soil moisture and temperature, leaf water potential, and diffusion resistance, were observed and evaluated. Three treatments, scalping, clipping, and paraquat herbicide, to reduce competition around individual tree seedlings, were evaluated. Highest survival (43 percent) occurred in plots where competing vegetation was mechanically scalped away from seedlings. Scalping increased the soil moisture available for growth and reduced water stress of seedlings.
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Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Members, Department of Forestry, University of Kentucky, Lexington

Publication date: 1981-11-01

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  • Each regional journal of applied forestry focuses on research, practice, and techniques targeted to foresters and allied professionals in specific regions of the United States and Canada. The Southern Journal of Applied Forestry covers an area from Virginia and Kentucky south to as far west as Oklahoma and east Texas.
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