Ten-Year Response of Sugar Maple–Yellow Birch–Beech Stands to Selection Cutting in Québec

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Abstract:

Experimental blocks were established in five regions of southern Québec to determine the response of hardwood stands to selection cutting. The blocks contain five control stands (no cut) and five treated stands, composed mainly of sugar maple in association with yellow birch and American beech. Treated stands were harvested using single tree selection to a residual density varying from 16.8 to 21.2 m2. Results obtained 10 yr after treatment demonstrate that the annual gross growth rate was not significantly different between treated and control stands. However, net annual growth rate was higher in four out of five cut stands, because the annual mortality rate was less in these stands than in controls. Cutting significantly enhanced the growth of stems with an initial diameter at breast height (dbh) of 10 to 28 cm and favored the development of sugar maple saplings in all blocks and yellow birch saplings in three blocks. North. J. Appl. For. 18(4):119–126.

Keywords: American beech; Sugar maple; basal area growth; diameter growth; environmental management; forest; forest management; forest resources; forestry; forestry research; forestry science; natural resource management; natural resources; regeneration; selection cutting; yellow birch

Document Type: Miscellaneous

Affiliations: Direction de la recherche forestière, Forêt Québec, 2700, rue Einstein, Sainte-Foy, Québec, G1P 3W8, Canada

Publication date: December 1, 2001

More about this publication?
  • Each regional journal of applied forestry focuses on research, practice, and techniques targeted to foresters and allied professionals in specific regions of the United States and Canada. The Northern Journal of Applied Forestry covers northeastern, midwestern, and boreal forests in the United States and Canada.
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