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Forty-two forestry best management practices (BMPs) were assessed to determine the extent of voluntary application and their effectiveness in preventing water quality impacts in New York State. These BMPs were evaluated on 61 timber-harvested sites in the Catskill region (CR), and 53 timber harvested sites in the Adirondack region (AR) during the summers of 1997 and 1998. The overall application of suggested BMPs was 78% for haul roads, 87% for landings, 59% for skid trails, 88% for equipment maintenance/operation, and 73% for buffer strips. Departures were common for BMPs concerned with draining water off haul roads and skid trails, and for stream crossings; more attention must be devoted to those practices. Effectiveness of BMPs was apparent when they were applied. Nonparametric statistical tests showed a strong relationship between BMP application and prevention of sediment movement. Limiting sediment movement protects surface water. In the CR, 27 of the 33 BMPs tested showed a statistically significant (P < 0.10) relationship between BMP application and sediment movement. Similar results were observed in the AR; 26 of the BMPs tested were significantly associated with sediment movement. Imperfect application of BMPs reduced effectiveness. Road drainage structures, for example, generally failed to adequately control erosion when spacing between drainage structures was excessive. North. J. Appl. For. 17(4): 125–134.
Document Type: Miscellaneous
North Carolina State University, Dept. of Forestry, 3118 Jordan Hall, Raleigh, NC, 27695-8008
Publication date: December 1, 2000
More about this publication?
Each regional journal of applied forestry focuses on research, practice, and techniques targeted to foresters and allied professionals in specific regions of the United States and Canada. The Northern Journal of Applied Forestry covers northeastern, midwestern, and boreal forests in the United States and Canada.