Skip to main content

Practical Field Methods of Estimating Canopy Cover, PAR, and LAI in Michigan Oak and Pine Stands

Buy Article:

$21.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

With the increased use of variables such as canopy cover, photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) and overstory leaf area index (LAI) in forestry research, relationships between these variables and traditional forestry variables must be defined before recommended levels of these research variables can be achieved by forestry practitioners on the ground. We measured basal area, canopy cover, Ozalid percent full light, PAR, and overstory LAI in thinned and unthinned plots within oak and pine stands with the objectives of: (1) determining the relationships between these variables in two common forest types, (2) investigating the feasibility of using basal area to estimate and achieve recommended levels of canopy cover, PAR, and LAI in the field, and (3) examining the possibility of using direct canopy cover and Ozalid light measurements for estimating PAR and LAI. Very strong relationships (r² > 0.90 and P < 0.0001) were indicated between basal area and canopy cover, PAR, and LAI. Direct canopy cover and Ozalid light measurements were also strongly related to PAR and LAI. It is likely that the even-aged structure of the stands studied contributed to these results. The strength of the relationships between the measures examined suggest that practical variables such as basal area could potentially be used by forestry practitioners to estimate and achieve recommended levels of canopy cover, PAR, and LAI in similar oak and pine stands. The possibility also exists for strong relationships between these variables in other stand types that resemble those studied in terms of overstory structure. North. J. Appl. For. 16(1):25-32.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Department of Forest Resources, College of Natural Resources, Utah State University, Logan, Utah 84322

Publication date: 1999-03-01

More about this publication?
  • Important Notice: SAF's journals are now published through partnership with the Oxford University Press. Access to archived material will be available here on the Ingenta website until March 31, 2018. For new material, please access the journals via OUP's website. Note that access via Ingenta will be permanently discontinued after March 31, 2018. Members requiring support to access SAF's journals via OUP's site should contact SAF's membership department for assistance.

    Each regional journal of applied forestry focuses on research, practice, and techniques targeted to foresters and allied professionals in specific regions of the United States and Canada. The Northern Journal of Applied Forestry covers northeastern, midwestern, and boreal forests in the United States and Canada.
  • Membership Information
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more