Skip to main content

Effects of Long-Term Military Training Traffic on Forest Vegetation in Central Minnesota

Buy Article:

$21.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

We studied vegetation on traveled and untraveled loamy sands on military training land in central Minnesota to identify traffic-induced differences in species composition, cover, diversity, growth rates, and tree condition. Long-term military traffic resulted in a 23% reduction in overstory basal area, a 14% reduction in canopy cover, a 43% reduction in overstory stem density, and a 20% reduction in overstory species diversity compared with adjacent untraveled areas. Most of the overstory basal area reduction was accounted for by a 78% reduction in quaking aspen basal area. Crown dieback was not significantly affected by traffic. Midstory tree and shrub density was 70% lower on traveled areas. Herbaceous vegetation was denser and more diverse in traveled areas. Traffic caused a six-fold increase in bare soil area on sloping soils, but had no effect on bare soil area on level sites. Our data suggest that moderate, long-term traffic on loamy sand soils results in a relatively stable system which can be thought of as in equilibrium between traffic, natural regenerative forces, and management activities. We caution managers that quaking aspen may decline under traffic, and remind them of the risk of erosion on traveled slopes. North. J. Appl. For. 13(4): 157-163.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Boise-Cascade Corp., 400 3rd Ave. E., International Falls, MN 56649

Publication date: 1996-12-01

More about this publication?
  • Important Notice: SAF's journals are now published through partnership with the Oxford University Press. Access to archived material will be available here on the Ingenta website until March 31, 2018. For new material, please access the journals via OUP's website. Note that access via Ingenta will be permanently discontinued after March 31, 2018. Members requiring support to access SAF's journals via OUP's site should contact SAF's membership department for assistance.

    Each regional journal of applied forestry focuses on research, practice, and techniques targeted to foresters and allied professionals in specific regions of the United States and Canada. The Northern Journal of Applied Forestry covers northeastern, midwestern, and boreal forests in the United States and Canada.
  • Membership Information
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more