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A Practical Alternative to Single-Tree Selection?

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When landowners want to develop and maintain an uneven-aged tree structure in eastern hardwood stands, single-tree selection often is suggested as the only advisable, long-term partial regeneration harvest method. Single-tree selection is preferred because it provides a means for improving quality and controlling stocking of the residual stand necessary for sustained yield of desired products. Although studies have shown that single-tree selection is feasible where desirable shade-tolerant species can be regenerated, it is rarely applied because marking stands for harvest can be difficult and time consuming. Instead, diameter-limit cutting is the most common partial regeneration practice used in eastern hardwoods, primarily because it is much easier to apply. Unfortunately, strict diameter-limit cuts do not provide for control of residual stocking or improve the quality of residual trees. However, based on 20-yr results, most objectives of single-tree selection can be attained with flexible diameter-limit harvest guidelines based on potential value increase of individual trees combined with an improvement cut in small sawtimber trees at each periodic cut. North. J. Appl. For. 10(1):32-38.
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Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station, PO Box 404, Parsons, WV 26287

Publication date: 1993-03-01

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  • Each regional journal of applied forestry focuses on research, practice, and techniques targeted to foresters and allied professionals in specific regions of the United States and Canada. The Northern Journal of Applied Forestry covers northeastern, midwestern, and boreal forests in the United States and Canada.
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