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Policy Instruments Promoting Wood-to-Energy Uses in the Continental United States

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An examination of state-level renewable energy policy instruments, with special attention to woody biomass, was completed to ascertain policy trends in the continental United States. Financial incentives are the most widely used instruments to encourage the use of woody biomass as an energy feedstock. Instruments of a mandatory nature primarily involve renewable energy portfolio standards. Most of the policies adopted in the continental United States encompass a variety of renewable energy feedstocks and only a few uniquely target woody biomass. This research provides insights into instruments that are being implemented across the nation, an assessment of their pros and cons, and the use of safeguards against undesired negative impacts. The article concludes with an outlook of the future adoption of wood-to-energy policy instruments in the country.

Keywords: financial incentives; public service programs; rules and regulations; state-level policy instruments; wood-to-energy incentives

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2010-04-01

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