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Stand-Level Wildlife Habitat Features and Biodiversity in Southern Pine Forests: A Review

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Forest certification programs require management of stand-level habitat elements supported by up-to-date science. Coarse woody debris (CWD) and snags have shown potential for impacting diversity, although their contributions in pine systems are not always well documented. We reviewed the scientific literature for information on relationships between wildlife communities and these habitat elements, with particular emphasis on southern pine systems, and offer analyses of information gaps and research needs. There is a need to improve knowledge of the impact of silvicultural actions, including herbicide use, on snag and CWD dynamics, and to develop reliable predictive models connecting management to stand-level habitat features and associated wildlife communities. Multivariate analyses should be used in studies of community ecology and response to habitat characteristics. We encourage long-term experiments to increase the power of hypothesis testing and account for temporal variation in wildlife populations. Wildlife responses should be measured using demographic characteristics rather than mere density.

Keywords: coarse woody debris; diversity; retained structure; snags; southern pine

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2009-12-01

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of Forestry is the most widely circulated scholarly forestry journal in the world. In print since 1902, the Journal has received several national awards for excellence. The mission of the Journal of Forestry is to advance the profession of forestry by keeping forest management professionals informed about significant developments and ideas in the many facets of forestry: economics, education and communication, entomology and pathology, fire, forest ecology, geospatial technologies, history, international forestry, measurements, policy, recreation, silviculture, social sciences, soils and hydrology, urban and community forestry, utilization and engineering, and wildlife management. The Journal is published bimonthly: January, March, May, July, September, and November.

    2015 Impact Factor: 1.476
    Ranking: 22 of 66 in forestry

    Also published by SAF:
    Forest Science
    Other SAF Publications
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