Skip to main content

Consumer-Grade Global Positioning Systems Performance in an Urban Forest Setting

Buy Article:

$29.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)


Consumer-grade global positioning system (GPS) receivers are available for several hundred dollars or less and can be used for urban forestry measurement applications provided that acceptable accuracies are achieved. Potential applications include locating and mapping trees, arbor facilities, and urban infrastructure. We examined the measurement accuracy and reliability of six identical contemporary consumer-grade GPS receivers that collected data simultaneously at two distinct test courses. One test course was located in an open field and the other test course simulated an urban forest landscape with partial tree canopy cover and several buildings blocking a view of the horizon. We also varied data collection techniques by using 1, 10, and 30 point averages to examine the influence of different point averages on measurement accuracy and precision. Measurement accuracies for all GPS receivers averaged 1.8 m from true position at the open field course and 3.8 m from true position at the urban forest course with variations depending on when the courses were visited. We also found that although six identical receivers were used to collect measurements simultaneously and in close proximity to one another, there were statistically significant differences in the measurement accuracies of the receivers. However, no statistically significant influence of different point averaging (1, 10, and 30) on measurement accuracy was detected.

Keywords: GPS; accuracy; measurement; trees

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2009-09-01

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of Forestry is the most widely circulated scholarly forestry journal in the world. In print since 1902, the Journal has received several national awards for excellence. The mission of the Journal of Forestry is to advance the profession of forestry by keeping forest management professionals informed about significant developments and ideas in the many facets of forestry: economics, education and communication, entomology and pathology, fire, forest ecology, geospatial technologies, history, international forestry, measurements, policy, recreation, silviculture, social sciences, soils and hydrology, urban and community forestry, utilization and engineering, and wildlife management. The Journal is published bimonthly: January, March, May, July, September, and November.

    2015 Impact Factor: 1.476
    Ranking: 22 of 66 in forestry

    Average time from submission to first decision: 39.6 days*
    June 1, 2016 to Feb. 28, 2017

    Also published by SAF:
    Forest Science
    Other SAF Publications
  • Submit a Paper
  • Membership Information
  • Author Guidelines
  • Podcasts
  • SAF Convention Abstracts
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more