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Reference Stands for Silvicultural Research: A Maine Perspective

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Silvicultural experiments should have untreated stand replicates in which development can be tracked over time. Unfortunately, field studies are seldom ideal. This article is one of six in this issue addressing experimental controls. Our focus is the Penobscot Experimental Forest (PEF) in Maine, where a 55-year-old experiment in northern conifer silviculture has an unreplicated, somewhat atypical control. The identification of stands that represent desired endpoints or natural states is another consideration and may be difficult if based on rare conditions. Big Reed Forest Reserve and Maine's Ecological Reserve System are discussed as possible benchmarks for management on the PEF and serve as examples of the opportunities and challenges associated with the identification of benchmark ecosystems.

Keywords: benchmark; environmental management; experimental control; forest; forest management; forest resources; forestry; forestry research; forestry science; natural resource management; natural resources; old-growth; reserve; silviculture

Document Type: Regular Article

Affiliations: 1: Research Forester Northeastern Research Station USDA Forest Service 686 Government Road Bradley ME 04411, Email: 2: Professor Department of Forest Ecosystem Science University of Maine 5755 Nutting Hall Orono ME 04469, Email: 3: Ecologist Maine Natural Areas Program, Department of Conservation 93 State House Station Augusta ME 04333, Email: 4: Research Assistant Department of Forest Ecosystem Science University of Maine 5755 Nutting Hall Orono ME 04469, Email:

Publication date: 2005-10-01

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of Forestry is the most widely circulated scholarly forestry journal in the world. In print since 1902, the Journal has received several national awards for excellence. The mission of the Journal of Forestry is to advance the profession of forestry by keeping forest management professionals informed about significant developments and ideas in the many facets of forestry: economics, education and communication, entomology and pathology, fire, forest ecology, geospatial technologies, history, international forestry, measurements, policy, recreation, silviculture, social sciences, soils and hydrology, urban and community forestry, utilization and engineering, and wildlife management. The Journal is published bimonthly: January, March, May, July, September, and November.

    2015 Impact Factor: 1.476
    Ranking: 22 of 66 in forestry

    Also published by SAF:
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