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Wood versus Water: Timber Plantations in Semiarid South Africa

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South Africa, the largest industrial roundwood producer in Africa, is a water-scarce country. To ensure adequate water for all South Africans, the post-apartheid government has made a radical shift in water policy, under which timber plantations are now categorized as streamflow reduction activities requiring licenses and incurring water charges. At present the water charges are low and not directly affecting operations, but the new policy raises questions about water use efficiency of forestry land uses, particularly plantation forestry.

Keywords: environmental management; forest; forest management; forest resources; forestry; forestry research; forestry science; industry; international forestry; natural resource management; natural resources; policy; sustainable forestry

Document Type: Miscellaneous

Affiliations: Assistant Professor and Extension Forester School of Forest Resources, Pennsylvania State University, 7 Ferguson Building, University Park, PA, 16802,

Publication date: July 1, 2003

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of Forestry is the most widely circulated scholarly forestry journal in the world. In print since 1902, the Journal has received several national awards for excellence. The mission of the Journal of Forestry is to advance the profession of forestry by keeping forest management professionals informed about significant developments and ideas in the many facets of forestry: economics, education and communication, entomology and pathology, fire, forest ecology, geospatial technologies, history, international forestry, measurements, policy, recreation, silviculture, social sciences, soils and hydrology, urban and community forestry, utilization and engineering, and wildlife management. The Journal is published bimonthly: January, March, May, July, September, and November.
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