Wood versus Water: Timber Plantations in Semiarid South Africa
South Africa, the largest industrial roundwood producer in Africa, is a water-scarce country. To ensure adequate water for all South Africans, the post-apartheid government has made a radical shift in water policy, under which timber plantations are now categorized as streamflow reduction activities requiring licenses and incurring water charges. At present the water charges are low and not directly affecting operations, but the new policy raises questions about water use efficiency of forestry land uses, particularly plantation forestry.
Keywords: environmental management; forest; forest management; forest resources; forestry; forestry research; forestry science; industry; international forestry; natural resource management; natural resources; policy; sustainable forestry
Document Type: Miscellaneous
Affiliations: Assistant Professor and Extension Forester School of Forest Resources, Pennsylvania State University, 7 Ferguson Building, University Park, PA, 16802, email@example.com
Publication date: July 1, 2003
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