Focusing on the Southwest but raising questions that are more broadly applicable, we compare ecological restoration with conventional management regimes—multiple-use management, ecosystem management, and managing for specific resource objectives. That restoration assumes a holistic perspective and active intervention does not distinguish it from other approaches to achieving ecosystem health. We find that foresters and restorationists both use ecology, but restorationists use a reference condition as a substitute for specific objectives We believe that restorationists who advocate substituting a reference condition for meeting a priori objectives must demonstrate the advantage of this approach. We identify the conceptual limitations to ecological restoration and question the uses of restoration.
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Document Type: Miscellaneous
School of Forestry, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ, 86001, [email protected]
USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Flagstaff
Society of American Foresters, Tappahannock, Virginia
Publication date: 01 October 2000