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Balance and Sustainability in Multiaged Stands: A Northern Conifer Case Study

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Classical silvicultural concepts of balance and sustainability in selection stands are examined using a 40-year case study in a mixed hemlock-spruce-fir stand. Although the stand initially conformed well to the target structure, deficits of poletimber and surpluses of sawtimber have since developed. Viewing stand structure in terms of area occupied by 10-year age classes, in addition to the diameter distribution, reveals important structural and species imbalances and suggests future management directions.

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Cooperative Education Graduate Student and Research Forester (in training), USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station, Penobscot Experimental Forest, Bradley, Maine

Publication date: July 1, 1998

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of Forestry is the most widely circulated scholarly forestry journal in the world. In print since 1902, the Journal has received several national awards for excellence. The mission of the Journal of Forestry is to advance the profession of forestry by keeping forest management professionals informed about significant developments and ideas in the many facets of forestry: economics, education and communication, entomology and pathology, fire, forest ecology, geospatial technologies, history, international forestry, measurements, policy, recreation, silviculture, social sciences, soils and hydrology, urban and community forestry, utilization and engineering, and wildlife management. The Journal is published bimonthly: January, March, May, July, September, and November.
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