Regenerating the Natural Longleaf Pine Forest

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Natural regeneration by the shelterwood system is a reliable, low-cost alternative for existing longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) forests. The system is well suited to the natural attributes and requirements of the species. It may be attractive to landowners wishing to retain a natural forest and avoid high costs of site preparation and planting. Seven successive regeneration steps are: (1) thin over-stocked stands to about 70 square feet of basal area per acre; (2) about 5 years before the scheduled harvest reduce the stand to a basal area of 30 square feet per acre of best crop trees: (3) monitor seed crops through annual checks of flowers and conelets on sample trees: (4) prepare a seedbed when a good crop is forecast: (5) check regeneration areas for seedling stocking: (6) after an adequate seedling stand is established remove the overstory: (7) control hardwood competition and brown-spot as needed.

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Principal Silviculturist at the George W. Andrews Forestry Sciences Laboratory, Auburn, Alabama, maintained by the Southern Forest Experiment Station, USDA Forest Service, in cooperation with Auburn University

Publication date: September 1, 1979

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of Forestry is the most widely circulated scholarly forestry journal in the world. In print since 1902, the Journal has received several national awards for excellence. The mission of the Journal of Forestry is to advance the profession of forestry by keeping forest management professionals informed about significant developments and ideas in the many facets of forestry: economics, education and communication, entomology and pathology, fire, forest ecology, geospatial technologies, history, international forestry, measurements, policy, recreation, silviculture, social sciences, soils and hydrology, urban and community forestry, utilization and engineering, and wildlife management. The Journal is published bimonthly: January, March, May, July, September, and November.
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