World Forestry: Birth Sap Utilization in the Ukraine

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Birch sap is used to make beverages in the Ukraine. Unlike the maple sap used in North America for syrup and sugar, that from birch (Betula verrucosa Ehrh., B. pubescens Ehrh.) is not boiled down; it is mixed with sugar and citric acid. Similarities between the birch and maple enterprises suggest that innovations in one might be adopted by the other.

Document Type: Miscellaneous

Affiliations: Forest Economist, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station, USDA Forest Service, South Bington, Vermont

Publication date: February 1, 1978

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of Forestry is the most widely circulated scholarly forestry journal in the world. In print since 1902, the Journal has received several national awards for excellence. The mission of the Journal of Forestry is to advance the profession of forestry by keeping forest management professionals informed about significant developments and ideas in the many facets of forestry: economics, education and communication, entomology and pathology, fire, forest ecology, geospatial technologies, history, international forestry, measurements, policy, recreation, silviculture, social sciences, soils and hydrology, urban and community forestry, utilization and engineering, and wildlife management. The Journal is published bimonthly: January, March, May, July, September, and November.
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