Modifying the Christen Hypsometer for Use in Dense Conifer Stands
Locating a position that provides a clear view of the top of the target tree is a major problem when tree heights are being measured in dense conifer stands. A further complication arises if a measured horizontal distance is required, as with conventional hypsometers based on trigonometric principles. The Christen hypsometer, based on geometric principles, does not require a measured horizontal but has been little used, probably because of the instability of the hand-held instrument. A modification of the Christen hypsometer utilizes a staff for stability, thereby enabling greatly increased precision with prolonged use. Since the staff permits positioning the instrument further from the eye, additional gains are then possible via an enlarged scale. For trees over 50 or 60 feet high increasing the length of the standard pole from 10 feet to 18 or 20 feet is recommended.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
Document Type: Journal Article
Affiliations: Research Forester, Hiwassee Land Company, Calhoun, Tennessee
Publication date: 1977-03-01
More about this publication?
- The Journal of Forestry is the most widely circulated scholarly forestry journal in the world. In print since 1902, the Journal has received several national awards for excellence. The mission of the Journal of Forestry is to advance the profession of forestry by keeping forest management professionals informed about significant developments and ideas in the many facets of forestry: economics, education and communication, entomology and pathology, fire, forest ecology, geospatial technologies, history, international forestry, measurements, policy, recreation, silviculture, social sciences, soils and hydrology, urban and community forestry, utilization and engineering, and wildlife management. The Journal is published bimonthly: January, March, May, July, September, and November.
2016 Impact Factor: 1.675 (Rank 20/64 in forestry)
Average time from submission to first decision: 39.6 days*
June 1, 2016 to Feb. 28, 2017
Also published by SAF:
Other SAF Publications
- Submit a Paper
- Membership Information
- Author Guidelines
- SAF Convention Abstracts
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites