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Bird Density and Diversity as Related to Vegetation in Forest Recreational Areas

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Forty-nine species of birds were found nesting in 30 forest recreational areas in the Southern Appalachians. The percentage of cover provided by foliage less than 12 feet high accounted for 56 percent of the variation in densities of nesting birds. The mixture of coniferous and deciduous foliage more than 12 feet high accounted for 66 percent of the variation in the diversity of birds. Clumping of understory shrubs is important to birds in open, parklike recreational areas. Recommendations for managing forest recreational areas for reasonably dense and diverse bird populations are compatible with major management goals.

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Wildlife Biologist, USDA Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, Blacksburg, Va.

Publication date: December 1, 1973

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of Forestry is the most widely circulated scholarly forestry journal in the world. In print since 1902, the Journal has received several national awards for excellence. The mission of the Journal of Forestry is to advance the profession of forestry by keeping forest management professionals informed about significant developments and ideas in the many facets of forestry: economics, education and communication, entomology and pathology, fire, forest ecology, geospatial technologies, history, international forestry, measurements, policy, recreation, silviculture, social sciences, soils and hydrology, urban and community forestry, utilization and engineering, and wildlife management. The Journal is published bimonthly: January, March, May, July, September, and November.

    Also published by SAF:
    Forest Science
    Other SAF Publications
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