Flooding Effects on Southern Forests
Abstract:Spring floods in the lower Mississippi Valley can improve growth of dominant, vigorous hardwoods, primarily by supplying additional water later in the growing season. Flood-resistant hardwoods are damaged where silt and sand are deposited to depths of three or more inches, where soil conditions are adverse, and in depressions where water does not leave promptly. In these areas, mortality may occur over the next four years. Young seedlings of resistant species die back if inundated after they leaf out, but many will sprout from surviving rootstocks. The pines and many hardwoods in uplands behind flood control dams are not tolerant of flooding. There, high water for just a few weeks during the growing season may cause severe mortality.
Document Type: Journal Article
Affiliations: Softwood Management Specialist, Southeastern Area State and Private Forestry, USDA Forest Service, Alexandria, La.
Publication date: 1973-09-01
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