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The Hidden Environmental Costs of Alternative Materials Available for Construction

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The environmental impact of four construction materials--aluminum, concrete, steel and wood--is assessed using two different approaches: materials balance and social cost. The approach used results in different relative rankings of intensity of environmental impact. The social cost approach allows engineering cost estimates to incorporate the environmental impacts of producing alternative construction materials.
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Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Forester, Professor of Business Administration, Oregon State University, Corvallis

Publication date: 1972-12-01

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of Forestry is the most widely circulated scholarly forestry journal in the world. In print since 1902, the Journal has received several national awards for excellence. The mission of the Journal of Forestry is to advance the profession of forestry by keeping forest management professionals informed about significant developments and ideas in the many facets of forestry: economics, education and communication, entomology and pathology, fire, forest ecology, geospatial technologies, history, international forestry, measurements, policy, recreation, silviculture, social sciences, soils and hydrology, urban and community forestry, utilization and engineering, and wildlife management. The Journal is published bimonthly: January, March, May, July, September, and November.

    2016 Impact Factor: 1.675 (Rank 20/64 in forestry)

    Average time from submission to first decision: 39.6 days*
    June 1, 2016 to Feb. 28, 2017

    Also published by SAF:
    Forest Science
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