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Timber and Wildlife Implications of Pine Conversion Methods on Poor Oak Sites

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Four techniques for establishing red pine were tried on poor sandy sites occupied by low-quality oak stands in the Manistee National Forest, Michigan. A harvest cut followed by summer burning or shearing with a K-G blade resulted in the best conditions for planting and early survival of the planted pine. However, the cost of slash removal and later release to obtain a fully stocked pine stand may not be justified on these sites. Planting before or after a harvest cut, without slash removal, while not as effective as burning for converting to pine, assures some survival and establishment of pine at minimum cost, increases short-term deer browse production, and provides a mixture of both summer and winter cover for a variety of wildlife species.

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Professor of Botany, Univ. of Wisconsin, Milwaukee

Publication date: 1972-05-01

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  • The Journal of Forestry is the most widely circulated scholarly forestry journal in the world. In print since 1902, the Journal has received several national awards for excellence. The mission of the Journal of Forestry is to advance the profession of forestry by keeping forest management professionals informed about significant developments and ideas in the many facets of forestry: economics, education and communication, entomology and pathology, fire, forest ecology, geospatial technologies, history, international forestry, measurements, policy, recreation, silviculture, social sciences, soils and hydrology, urban and community forestry, utilization and engineering, and wildlife management. The Journal is published bimonthly: January, March, May, July, September, and November.

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