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Forest Spraying of Zectran and Its Safety to Wildlife

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The hazard of naled (1,2-dibromo-2,2-dichloroethyl dimethyl phosphate) and Zectran® (4-dimethy-lamino-3,5-xylyl methylcarbamate) to forest birds and mammals was studied. Experimental applications for the control of spruce budworm (Choristoneura occidentalis) in Montana and Idaho included one application of naled at 0.4 pound per acre, and four Zectran applications at 0.15 pound per acre or less during a 3-year period. Naled was less effective than Zectran, which was the most promising material found in a search for less persistent and safer insecticides than DDT. We compared bird and mammal counts and observations made before and after treatment on 20-acre plots within both treated and untreated areas, and found no apparent harmful ejects of naled and Zectran on birds and mammals studied. The use of the aerosol system of spraying reduced the contamination of the environment by reducing the deposit.
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Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Wildlife Research Biologists, Wildlife Research Center, U. S. Bur. of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife, Denver, Colo. Work was done in cooperation with the Pac. SW Forest and Range Exp. Sta., U.S. Forest Serv.

Publication date: 1971-10-01

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  • The Journal of Forestry is the most widely circulated scholarly forestry journal in the world. In print since 1902, the Journal has received several national awards for excellence. The mission of the Journal of Forestry is to advance the profession of forestry by keeping forest management professionals informed about significant developments and ideas in the many facets of forestry: economics, education and communication, entomology and pathology, fire, forest ecology, geospatial technologies, history, international forestry, measurements, policy, recreation, silviculture, social sciences, soils and hydrology, urban and community forestry, utilization and engineering, and wildlife management. The Journal is published bimonthly: January, March, May, July, September, and November.

    2016 Impact Factor: 1.675 (Rank 20/64 in forestry)

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    June 1, 2016 to Feb. 28, 2017

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