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Direct Seeding of Paper Birch in Strip Clearcutting

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Abstract:

Paper birch (Betula papyrifera Marsh.) was successfully direct-seeded on 50-foot wide, east-west oriented strips which were clearcut in a 60-year-old second-growth forest of northern hardwoods located in eastern New York. Spot seeding on tractor-scarified areas gave the best results but data show that broadcast seeding, if conducted early in the spring, should be equally successful. Spot seeding following spot scarification with a mattock gave the least satisfactory results. Shade, beneficial for germination and initial survival, became the major cause of seedling mortality during the second growing season and was also responsible for reduced height growth of seedlings growing near the south border of the clearcut strips. Trees producing this shade should be cut as soon as possible alter the first year.

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Prof. Silv., Dep. Forestry and Wildlife Manag., Univ. Mass., Amherst

Publication date: October 1, 1970

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of Forestry is the most widely circulated scholarly forestry journal in the world. In print since 1902, the Journal has received several national awards for excellence. The mission of the Journal of Forestry is to advance the profession of forestry by keeping forest management professionals informed about significant developments and ideas in the many facets of forestry: economics, education and communication, entomology and pathology, fire, forest ecology, geospatial technologies, history, international forestry, measurements, policy, recreation, silviculture, social sciences, soils and hydrology, urban and community forestry, utilization and engineering, and wildlife management. The Journal is published bimonthly: January, March, May, July, September, and November.

    2015 Impact Factor: 1.476
    Ranking: 22 of 66 in forestry

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