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Applying Liebig's Law of the Minimum to the Management of Ponderosa Pine

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Liebig's Law of the Minimum (which states that yield is limited by the factor which is in relative minimum) is recommended as a useful concept for the management of ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa Laws.) in eastern Washington and eastern Oregon. Five conditions (crown development, soil moisture supply, competition from understory vegetation, soil nutrients, and limiting ecotypes of ponderosa pine) are considered to be important in limiting growth and the application of Liebig's Law. An analogy is presented that tells how wheat farmers in the Big Bend region of eastern Washington have realized a tenfold increase in production by means of a series of developments comparable with those recommended for the management of ponderosa pine.

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: State Woodland Conservationist, Soil Conservation Service, Spokane, Wash.

Publication date: October 1, 1969

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  • The Journal of Forestry is the most widely circulated scholarly forestry journal in the world. In print since 1902, the Journal has received several national awards for excellence. The mission of the Journal of Forestry is to advance the profession of forestry by keeping forest management professionals informed about significant developments and ideas in the many facets of forestry: economics, education and communication, entomology and pathology, fire, forest ecology, geospatial technologies, history, international forestry, measurements, policy, recreation, silviculture, social sciences, soils and hydrology, urban and community forestry, utilization and engineering, and wildlife management. The Journal is published bimonthly: January, March, May, July, September, and November.

    2015 Impact Factor: 1.476
    Ranking: 22 of 66 in forestry

    Also published by SAF:
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