Dieback Not a Cause of Mortality or Reduction of Growth or Quality in Lake States Northern Hardwoods

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Widespread dieback, particularly of sugar maple and yellow birch, has been observed for more than a decade in the Lake States. All northern hardwoods are affected to varying degrees; most damage occurs in the larger and older trees in the stand; dieback is cyclic to some extent; and practically no mortality or growth loss occurs. Several causes were identified, with poor internal soil drainage and stand disturbance the major causes; porcupine and sapsucker girdling, late frosts, and pathogenic organisms were involved to a lesser extent.

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Northern Hardwoods Laboratory, North Central Forest Expt. Sta., Forest Service, U.S. Dept. of Agric., Marquette, Mich.

Publication date: December 1, 1967

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  • The Journal of Forestry is the most widely circulated scholarly forestry journal in the world. In print since 1902, the Journal has received several national awards for excellence. The mission of the Journal of Forestry is to advance the profession of forestry by keeping forest management professionals informed about significant developments and ideas in the many facets of forestry: economics, education and communication, entomology and pathology, fire, forest ecology, geospatial technologies, history, international forestry, measurements, policy, recreation, silviculture, social sciences, soils and hydrology, urban and community forestry, utilization and engineering, and wildlife management. The Journal is published bimonthly: January, March, May, July, September, and November.
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