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Investments in Loblolly Pine Clonal Seed Orchards: Production Costs and Economic Potential

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Extensive regeneration of loblolly pine forests through plantations and direct seeding creates a continuing demand for forest tree seed. Partly to meet this seed demand and primarily to increase the economic value of regenerated stands, commercial seed orchards are being established to provide genetically improved seed. A cost model for estimating per pound seed production costs was developed consistent with the seed production process and the economic objectives of seed orchard owners. The cost model was empirically quantified with data from a 40-and a 100-acre loblolly seed orchard in the South and indicated gross seed production costs on the order of $7 to $20 per pound. Considering the growth rates of loblolly pine and current minimum expectations of rotation age harvest gain from using clonal orchard seed, investments at this cost level appear economically feasible from the stumpage grower's point of view.

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Associate Professor of Forest Economics, Virginia Polytechnic Institute

Publication date: 1967-12-01

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of Forestry is the most widely circulated scholarly forestry journal in the world. In print since 1902, the Journal has received several national awards for excellence. The mission of the Journal of Forestry is to advance the profession of forestry by keeping forest management professionals informed about significant developments and ideas in the many facets of forestry: economics, education and communication, entomology and pathology, fire, forest ecology, geospatial technologies, history, international forestry, measurements, policy, recreation, silviculture, social sciences, soils and hydrology, urban and community forestry, utilization and engineering, and wildlife management. The Journal is published bimonthly: January, March, May, July, September, and November.

    2015 Impact Factor: 1.476
    Ranking: 22 of 66 in forestry

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