Forage Utilization in a Mixed-Coniferous Forest of Northeastern Oregon

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The purpose of this investigation was to determine the relationship of the overstory crown covet to livestock utilization in the mixed-coniferous forest and how this relationship was modified by the intensity of management on the Hall Ranch of the Eastern Oregon Experiment Station, located on Catherine Creek about ten miles southeast of Union. Use estimates were made using a five-class system on macroplots and stands where tree crown cover had previously been estimated. The degree of livestock utilization was found to be inversely related to overstory crown closure. As the intensity of management increased over time on the Hall Ranch, livestock utilization improved in the densely forested areas, but the degree of utilization was still related to the amount of overstory crown closure. Changes in management that resulted in improved use of the mixed-coniferous forest were: (1) Facilitating actions of adequate fencing and water development. (2) Use of younger animals in those areas. (3) Good salting and riding practices. (4) Earlier grazing of these areas to obtain better use of pinegrass and associated high value leguminous forbs.

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Professor of Range Management, Oregon State University, Corvallis

Publication date: June 1, 1967

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  • The Journal of Forestry is the most widely circulated scholarly forestry journal in the world. In print since 1902, the Journal has received several national awards for excellence. The mission of the Journal of Forestry is to advance the profession of forestry by keeping forest management professionals informed about significant developments and ideas in the many facets of forestry: economics, education and communication, entomology and pathology, fire, forest ecology, geospatial technologies, history, international forestry, measurements, policy, recreation, silviculture, social sciences, soils and hydrology, urban and community forestry, utilization and engineering, and wildlife management. The Journal is published bimonthly: January, March, May, July, September, and November.
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