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Forest Site Conversion with Soil Applied Herbicides

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On low-quality hardwood sites, treated with nonliquid herbicides, the mean first-year survival of combined red and white pine seedlings was 84 percent, compared to a 96 percent survival on untreated sites. Of four chemicals, applied to the soil by broadcast and individual stem methods, 25 percent active fenuron and 22 percent active fenuron TCA, killed such overstory species as white, chestnut and red oaks, and red maple. Picloram pellets (10 percent active), applied by similar methods, were most effective in killing understory witch hazel, sassafras, and hickory. The fourth herbicide, a 10 percent active dicamba granule applied at the same rates, was ineffective in killing undesirable, hardwoods. A light, prescribed surface fire, carried out in advance of herbicide application, killed most stems three inches or less in diameter, but did not improve the kill on larger stems through increased chemical absorption by removal of the surface litter.

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Graduate Assistant, School of Forest Resources, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park

Publication date: May 1, 1967

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of Forestry is the most widely circulated scholarly forestry journal in the world. In print since 1902, the Journal has received several national awards for excellence. The mission of the Journal of Forestry is to advance the profession of forestry by keeping forest management professionals informed about significant developments and ideas in the many facets of forestry: economics, education and communication, entomology and pathology, fire, forest ecology, geospatial technologies, history, international forestry, measurements, policy, recreation, silviculture, social sciences, soils and hydrology, urban and community forestry, utilization and engineering, and wildlife management. The Journal is published bimonthly: January, March, May, July, September, and November.

    Also published by SAF:
    Forest Science
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