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Stand Composition in a Mature Pine-Hardwood Forest of Southeastern Texas

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After protection from fire and cutting for 25 years, a 70-year-old loblolly-shortleaf pine-hardwood stand in east Texas is evolving into an oak-hickory-sweetgum community. Hardwoods form an almost complete cover beneath the now dominant pines. Pine reproduction is virtually lacking. Desirable deer browse plants are prevalent, but many are beyond reach. High-value livestock forage species are scarce. Selective elimination of undesirable hardwoods and prescribed burning to control the sprouts would favor pine regeneration and improve game habitat.
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Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Department of the Interior, Portland, Ore.

Publication date: 01 March 1966

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