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Swamp Conifer Deeryards in Northern Michigan Their Ecology and Management

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A study of winter range use by white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in conifer swamps of Michigan's Upper Peninsula indicated that all-age forests were uninhabited, despite an abundance of browse, because shelter requirements were lacking. Interspersion of food and cover on small, diverse tracts promptly led to overuse of white-cedar (Thuja occidentalis), followed by herd die-offs. Habitat of high carrying capacity was characterized by various large even-aged stands. Findings suggest deeryard management should aim at creating, within a compartment, five age classes of timber with 15 to 20 years between classes, and a rotation cycle of 80 to 100 years. Clearcutting by the alternate-strip method, on blocks between 40 and 160 acres, is recommended. Units supplying browse or shelter must be arranged to regulate winter deer activity and minimize forest damage.
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Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Biologist in charge, Cusino Wildlife Research Station, Michigan Department of Conservation, Shingleton

Publication date: 1965-07-01

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  • The Journal of Forestry is the most widely circulated scholarly forestry journal in the world. In print since 1902, the Journal has received several national awards for excellence. The mission of the Journal of Forestry is to advance the profession of forestry by keeping forest management professionals informed about significant developments and ideas in the many facets of forestry: economics, education and communication, entomology and pathology, fire, forest ecology, geospatial technologies, history, international forestry, measurements, policy, recreation, silviculture, social sciences, soils and hydrology, urban and community forestry, utilization and engineering, and wildlife management. The Journal is published bimonthly: January, March, May, July, September, and November.

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