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Reproduction of Hardwoods 10 Years After Cuttting as Affected by Site and Opening Size

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One hundred forest openings of different sizes on 10 hardwood areas were examined 10 years after cutting for the establishment and growth of reproduction. Desirable "top-free" reproduction was abundant in all opening sizes and on all sites but the composition and height of the reproduction were related to the opening size and to site. Generally, the successful species on different sites were the same species dominant in the overstory. Competition from "weed" species was greatest by far on the better sites. Increasing openings to diameters greater than about the height of the surrounding canopy had little added effect on species composition or growth of reproduction. In smaller openings growth was less and species composition of stems free to grow was skewed toward the more tolerant and less desirable species. Differences observed in reproduction are explained by the amount of light and soil moisture in openings of different sizes and under the canopy and by differences in site quality.
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Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Research Forester, Central States Forest Expt. Sta., Forest Service, U. S. Dept. Agric., Carbondale, Ill. (Field Office Maintained in cooperation with Southern Illinois University)

Publication date: 1965-02-01

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of Forestry is the most widely circulated scholarly forestry journal in the world. In print since 1902, the Journal has received several national awards for excellence. The mission of the Journal of Forestry is to advance the profession of forestry by keeping forest management professionals informed about significant developments and ideas in the many facets of forestry: economics, education and communication, entomology and pathology, fire, forest ecology, geospatial technologies, history, international forestry, measurements, policy, recreation, silviculture, social sciences, soils and hydrology, urban and community forestry, utilization and engineering, and wildlife management. The Journal is published bimonthly: January, March, May, July, September, and November.

    2016 Impact Factor: 1.675 (Rank 20/64 in forestry)

    Average time from submission to first decision: 39.6 days*
    June 1, 2016 to Feb. 28, 2017

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