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Heating of Tree Trunks in Surface Fires

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Near the ground line, external heating of pole-size longleaf pines was essentially identical in headfires and backfires that consumed 8 tons of pine litter per acre; above 1 foot, temperatures were much higher in headfires than in backfires. At all levels the leeward side of trees was heated more intensely than the windward side. Maximum and average temperatures usually were lower in bark fissures than on bark plates. Lethal cambium temperatures were recorded in some trees but not in others. Cambium injury occurred in streaks and spots and covered appreciable areas only on the leeward side of some trees burned in headfires.

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Staff of the Southern Forest Expt. Sta., Forest Service, U.S. Dept. Agric., New Orleans, La.

Publication date: 1964-11-01

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  • The Journal of Forestry is the most widely circulated scholarly forestry journal in the world. In print since 1902, the Journal has received several national awards for excellence. The mission of the Journal of Forestry is to advance the profession of forestry by keeping forest management professionals informed about significant developments and ideas in the many facets of forestry: economics, education and communication, entomology and pathology, fire, forest ecology, geospatial technologies, history, international forestry, measurements, policy, recreation, silviculture, social sciences, soils and hydrology, urban and community forestry, utilization and engineering, and wildlife management. The Journal is published bimonthly: January, March, May, July, September, and November.

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