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The Effects of Deer on Conifer Reproduction in Northwestern Montana

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A winter deer range in Montana was studied to determine the extent of deer browsing on conifers. The winter range lies in a zone of tension between ponderosa pine and Douglas-fir, the pine being greatly superior in economic value but weaker in competitive ability. Although both species are browsed heavily the deer show a marked preference for the pine. Remedial measures suggested are:(1) Improve the competitive status of the pine by silvicultural practices such as seed-bed preparation; (2) improve deer range conditions by adjusting deer numbers to allow recovery of broadleaf browse species; (3) plan timber cutting practices to benefit deer range whereever possible.
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Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Biologist, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, in cooperation with the Northern Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Missoula, Mont.

Publication date: 1949-11-01

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  • The Journal of Forestry is the most widely circulated scholarly forestry journal in the world. In print since 1902, the Journal has received several national awards for excellence. The mission of the Journal of Forestry is to advance the profession of forestry by keeping forest management professionals informed about significant developments and ideas in the many facets of forestry: economics, education and communication, entomology and pathology, fire, forest ecology, geospatial technologies, history, international forestry, measurements, policy, recreation, silviculture, social sciences, soils and hydrology, urban and community forestry, utilization and engineering, and wildlife management. The Journal is published bimonthly: January, March, May, July, September, and November.

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