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Wounds and Decay Caused by Removing Large Companion Sprouts of Oaks

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When oak companion sprouts larger than about 3 inches in diameter at the base are cut, they expose the remaining stem to decay. The aims of the present work are the determination of the amount of decay that develops following the different methods of companion sprout elimination and the rates of healing of different types and sizes of wounds. Companion sprouts of different sizes and with different types of crotches were removed by cutting flush with the remaining stem, cutting off at 8 feet, and girdling. The smaller the wound the more rapidly it healed. Due to bark dieback and stow healing, wounds about 6 inches wide or wider did not heal back to their original size until 4 years had elapsed. At the end of 5 years one-half of the girdled trees and 3-foot stubs had died back to the crotch. The other half bore living sprouts.

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Pathologist, Division of Forest Pathology, Bureau of Plant Industry, U. S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C.

Publication date: March 1, 1943

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of Forestry is the most widely circulated scholarly forestry journal in the world. In print since 1902, the Journal has received several national awards for excellence. The mission of the Journal of Forestry is to advance the profession of forestry by keeping forest management professionals informed about significant developments and ideas in the many facets of forestry: economics, education and communication, entomology and pathology, fire, forest ecology, geospatial technologies, history, international forestry, measurements, policy, recreation, silviculture, social sciences, soils and hydrology, urban and community forestry, utilization and engineering, and wildlife management. The Journal is published bimonthly: January, March, May, July, September, and November.
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